Not all scientific discoveries were made after extensive experimentation and debilitating thoughts. Sometimes researchers have come to a completely unexpected results very different from those are expected. And the result turned out to be much more interesting: Check Out how???
10 examples in front of you.
Engineer from Raytheon Corporation Percy Spencer in 1945, worked on a project related to the creation of radar. During testing, the magnetron, he noticed that the chocolate bar in his pocket had melted. So Percy Spencer realized that microwaves can heat food. In the same year, Raytheon Corporation has patented a microwave.
Out of curiosity,Wilhelm Roentgen put his hand in front of the cathode-ray tube, in 1895, and saw his image on a photographic plate, which allows to consider almost every bone. Since Wilhelm Roentgen discovered the method of the same name.
In fact, Constantine Falberg studied coal tar. Once (his mother forgot to tell him to wash his hands before eating), he noticed that the bun somehow is very sweet. He went back at the lab, and tried all the taste, he found the source. In 1884 Falberg patented saccharin, and began mass production.
In 1956, Wilson has been developing Greytbatch devices recording heart beats. Accidentally he set the device on wrong resistor, he found that it produces electrical impulses. So the idea of electrical stimulation of the heart came. In May 1958, the first pacemaker was implanted in the dog.
Originally lysergic acid diethylamide planned to use in pharmacology (hardly anyone now remembers it). In November 1943, Albert Hofmann discovered the strange sensations while working with the chemical. He described them as follows: “I have observed a very bright light, the flow of fantastic images unreal beauty, accompanied by an intense kaleidoscopic range of colors.” So Albert Hoffman gave the world a dubious gift.
Permanently leaving the colony staph bacteria in a petri dish, Alexander Fleming noticed that mold formed inhibits the growth of some bacteria. Chemically mold was kind of fungus Penicillium notatum. So in the 40-ies of the last century penicillin was discovered – the world’s first antibiotic.
Pfizer was working on a new drug for the treatment of heart disease. After a clinical trial he found that in this case, the new medicine does not help. But there is a side effect, which was not expected. So then Viagra discovered.
Working with nitroglycerin, which is characterized by extreme volatility, Alfred Nobel accidentally dropped a tube of hand. But there was no explosion: developing into nitroglycerin soaked into wood chips, which was covered with floor laboratory. So, the future father of the Nobel Prize realized nitroglycerin must be mixed with an inert substance – and he got dynamite.
9. Safety Glass
Carelessness of another scientist allowed to make another discovery. Frenchman Edouard Benedictus dropped on the floor a tube with a solution of cellulose nitrate. It broke, but not shattered into pieces. Cellulose nitrate was the basis for the first safety glasses, without which the automotive industry cannot be managed.
10. Vulcanized Rubber
Once Charles Goodyear poured nitrous acid on the rubber to be discolored. He noted that after the rubber has become much harder and at the same time flexibility was also good. After thinking about the result and improved techniques, in 1844, Charles Goodyear invented, named after Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.